Unesco Tentative List

Unesco Tentative List

BURDUR

Archaeological Site of Sagalassos

Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 06/02/2009

City in the Clouds

The archaeological site of Sagalassos is located near Aglasun, north of Antalya. The ancient structures in Sagalassos include the great theater, the rock tombs, a library, a Heroon and Bouleterion as well as temples, and monumental fountains. The marble sculptures of ancient gods and emperors are among the best examples of sculpture in Anatolia.

ANTALYA

Archaeological Site of Perge

Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 06/02/2009

Ancient Perge, one of the chief cities of Pamphylia

Perge is located east of Antalya 2 km north of Aksu Village. The site includes a large theatre, a stadium and an agora. The colonnaded boulevard lies between the Hellenistic Gate and the Nympheum on the slopes of the acropolis. Other structures include the necropolis, city walls, baths, memorial fountains and the Greek and Roman gates.

AYDIN

Archaeological Site of Aphrodisias

Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 06/02/2009

City of Love

Aphrodisias lies in southwestern Turkey, situated at the base of the Babadag Mountain. This unique city was named after Aphrodite, the goddess of beauty and love. The temple of Aphrodite is well-preserved and partially restored. There are also ruins of a theater, stadium and other structures, as well as an on-site museum.

ANTALYA

Gulluk Mountain Termessos National Park

Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 25/02/2000

A Hidden Mountain City

Gulluk Dagi National Park is located within the province of Antalya in a valley between mountains. The most significant remains of the ancient city of Termessos, are the city walls and towers, the King's Road, the Hadrian's Gate, the agora and theatre, the Odeon, and the drainage system. Another feature of the natural park is the Mecine Canyon.

ANTALYA

Ancient Cities of Lycian Civilisation

Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 06/02/2000

Reflections in the Mirror of Time

The ancient region of Lycia is situated on the Teke Peninsula in the Mediterranean region. The "Lycian League," was the first was known democratic federation in history. Major cities of this federation were Patara, Xanthos, Pinara, Olympos, Myra and Tlos, and Phaselis. The distinctive rock-cut tombs in the sides of cliffs are among the popular attractions of the region.

ANTALYA

Kekova

Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 25/02/2000

In the Heart of Lycia

Kekova is the name of a region of fascinating islands, bays and ancient cities.  An earthquake submerged part of the city, creating a strange scene with half of the city under water and half above. Teimiussa and Simena are the main settlements in the area. Kekova shows very significant geological formations and the beauty of the area is outstanding.

AGRI

Ishak Pasha Palace

Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 25/02/2000

Splendor in Isolation

Ishak Pasha Palace was an administrative complex located in the Dogubeyazit district of Agri. It shows traces of Anatolian, Iranian and North Mesopotamian architecture. The traditional model used in the construction of palaces in capital cities like Bursa, Edirne and Istanbul was taken as an example in the design of this palace.

TARSUS

St. Paul Church, St. Pauls’ Well and surrounding historic quarters

Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 25/02/2000

Saul of Tarsus

Tarsus, the birth place of St.Paul, is situated on the edge of the fertile Cukurova plain. The city is well known for its Cleopatra gate, the St.Paul's Well and the St.Paul Church as well as its traditional streets. The St. Paul's well is located near to the house of St. Paul who is said to have drunk from this well. It is believed that the water possesses healing power.

BURSA

Bursa and Cumalikizik: Early Ottoman Urban and Rural Settlements

Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 25/02/2000

Anatolia's living culture

Bursa was founded in 200 BC and served as political center after it became part of the Ottoman Empire. A series of mosques, tombs, madrasas, inns, public bath houses, public kitchens and dervish lodges were constructed during the reign of the Ottomans. Cumalikizik, near to Uludag, was built for logistic support before the conquest of Bursa.

MARDIN

Mardin Cultural Landscape

Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 25/02/2000

Mesopotamia's Eyes

Mardin is a city in a rocky region near to Diyarbakir in the southeast. The city, with its traditional stone, religious and vernacular architecture and its terraced urban pattern is the best preserved example of Anatolian soil. The Deyrulzafaran Monastery is another impressive architectural complex of the region.

Seljuk Caravanserais

Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 25/02/2000

Ancient Trade Routes with Seljuk Caravanserais

The Denizli-Dogubeyazit Route consists of about 40 Caravanserais, 10 of which are very well preserved. Some of these are Akhan, Saadettin Han, Obruk Han, Sultan Han and Hacibekir Han. Caravanserais were huge facilities that provided shelter, food, drink, maintenance and healthcare for a caravan's full complement of people, animals, and cargo.

DIYARBAKIR

The Citadel and the Walls of Diyarbakir

Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 25/02/2000

The Diyarbakir Citadel is one of the finest treasures of human history.

The citadel and the walls of Diyarbakir are situated above the valley of River Tigris. The walls, encircling the city date back to early Byzantine times. There are sixteen keeps and five gates, each of which is decorated with inscriptions and reliefs.  

SANLIURFA

Harran and Sanliurfa Settlements

Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 25/02/2000

The city of Prophets

Sanliurfa is located in the great fertile plain of upper Mesopotamia. It was praised as the city of prophets Hiob, Jethro and St. George besides Abraham who were said to have lived here. Also, the first Islamic University was founded here. This holy city is full of historic and religious buildings. The mud brick houses with conic roofs are unique.

ANTALYA/Demre

St. Nicholas Church

Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 25/02/2000

St. Nicholas Church

St. Nicholas church is located in ancient Myria, a large city in the Lykian Group. The floor of the church is several meters below street level, and is accessed by a descending ramp. There are fine marble mosaic pavements and faded wall paintings throughout the church.  

MERSIN/Mut

Alahan Monastery

Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 25/02/2000

A Masterpiece of Early Christian Architecture

Alahan Monastery and its adjoining structures lie close by the village of Alahan, near to Mut. The complex consists of small cells placed in the rocks. It was surrounded by small houses, possibly inhabited by monastery officials and monks.

 

TRABZON/Macka

Sumela Monastery

Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 25/02/2000

A Mysterious Monastery On Top of High Rocks

Sumela is a monastic complex built into the rock cliffs of Altindere valley near to Trabzon. Barnabas, a monk from Athens built the section which comprised the first two rooms of the monastery.  The monastery was enlarged within the next centuries. It contains 72 rooms and a rich library.

ANTALYA

Karain Cave

Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 01/02/1994

Underground Mystery

The cave is situated 30 km north-west of Antalya, on the east slope of mount Katran in the western Taurus Mountains. Carved in limestone, Karain is a complex of caves rather than a single cave. Its chambers are separated by calcite walls and narrow passageways.

IZMIR/Selcuk

Ephesus

Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 01/02/1994

One of the Seven Wonders of Antiquity: Temple of Artemis

Ephesus is an ancient city near to Selcuk, Izmir. It played an important role in the beginnings and proliferation of Christianity (St.John Church and the shrine of the Virgin Mary). The Temple of Artemis is situated on the edge of the town. Other well-known features are the Celsus library, the theatre, stadium and gymnasium as well as the temples and famous baths.

ALANYA

Alanya Castle and Dockyard

Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 25/02/2000

An overlook from Dockyard to Red Tower

Alanya, is situated 137 km east of Antalya. Alanya is famous for its castle, the Seljuk cistern, the Byzantine church, the Keykubat Sultan Palace and the ruins of a famous bath. The Alanya castle encloses a medieval dockyard guarded by a red tower.

KONYA

Konya: Capital of Seljuk Civilizations

Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 25/02/2000

City of Love and Faith

Konya became a center of culture and politics during the period of the Seljuks. Many public buildings were built in the 12th and 13th centuries, when the city served as the capital. The fortress of Konya and the Aladdin Mosque, the Sircali Madrasa, and tombs are examples of the architecture of the Seljuks.

KONYA

Beyşehir, Eşrefoğlu Mosque

Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 15/04/2011

The Biggest and Most Original of the Wooden Pillared Mosques in Anatolia

The mosque is located in Esrefoglu, north of the Beyşehir Lake. The mosque was made as a social complex including a mausoleum, a caravanserai and a Turkish bath.  What make this mosque unique are the mainly original wood parts and the traditional paintings on these.

IZMIR

Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 15/04/2011

Bergama (Pergamon)

Bergama, lies about 107 km from Izmir. The major buildings in the city are the Temples of Athena and Dionysus, the Trajaneum, the theatre and library, the Heron, the Asclepion and the arsenal. The baroque reliefs and figures of the Altar of Zeus are regarded as masterpieces.

ŞANLIURFA

Göbeklitepe Archaeological Site

Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 15/04/2011

A Unique Sanctuary from the Neolithic period

The site of Göbeklitepe, is located near to Örencik, northeast of Şanlıurfa. In the middle of round and oval-shaped structures, there are two T-shaped limestone columns. There are also smaller columns in the inner walls of the structures.

HATAY

Hatay, St. Pierre Church

Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 15/04/2011

One of the Oldest Churches of Christianity

St. Pierre's church is located west of the River Asi, in the western slopes of the Hac Mountain. It is believed that Saint Peter preached his first sermon in this cave church. It transformed into a building with rooms added in the following centuries.

KARS

Historic City of Ani 

Date of Submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 13/04/2012

City of Temples

Located within the limits of the Ocaklı Village, 42 km away from Kars, Ani is a typical medieval city with its impressive walls that are still largely intact as well as its examples of religious and civil architecture and its city planning. The city, which is the site of various religious structures such as the Fire Temple, various types of churches as well as mosques of the Seljuk Period, holds a special place in the history of mediaeval architecture and urbanism as a commercial city with a multicultural façade.

KÜTAHYA

Antique City of Aizanoi 

Date of Submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 13/04/2012

The Best Preserved Temple of Zeus in Anatolia

Traces of settlement, as early as 3000 BC, were discovered in the ancient city of Aizanoi which lies within the boundaries of Cavdarhisar in Kütahya Province. The best preserved temple of Zeus in Anatolia, the theater and the adjoining stadium, with a capacity of 15,000 people the first and 13.5000 people the latter, the two baths, the world's first stock exchange building, the colonnaded street, the five bridges on Kocaçay two of which are still intact, the two agoras, the gymnasium, the Sanctuary Meter Steunene, the necropolises, the ancient dam, the waterways and gates are among the ruins of the area.

MUĞLA

Mediaeval City of Becin 

Date of Submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 13/04/2012

Old Capital of the Menteshe Beylik

The mediaeval city of Becin is located 5 km south of Milas. Apart from the few Byzantine ruins such as the chapel, the majority of the ruins, such as the inner citadel, the Ahmet Gazi Madrasa and tomb, the Orhan Bey Mosque, the Hamam Bey Mansion, the Bey Hamam (Bath), the Kızıl Han, the Karapasha Madrasa, Yelli Mosque, Yelli Hamam (Bath), Yelli Madrasa and the cemeteries with their interesting grave stones, are the remains of the Turkish period.

IZMIR

Historical Town of Birgi 

Date of Submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 13/04/2012

Ottoman Houses Under Ancient Trees

Birgi, located in the Ödemiş district of Izmir, was respectively under the rule of the Phrygian civilization (750-680 BC) and Lydian civilization (680-546 BC), the Persians, the kingdom of Bergama, the Roman, the Byzantine and the Ottoman Empires.  The historical houses of Birgi, the Ulu Mosque, the Mosque of Aydınoğulları, the Karaoğlu Mosque, Dervish Aga Mosque, the Birgi Mehmet Efendi Madrasa, the Sultan Shah Mausoleum and the Cakiraga Mansion are some of these structures.

ANKARA

Gordion

Date of Submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 13/04/2012

City of King Midas

Gordion is located in the Yassıhöyük village, 21 km west of Polatlı and 96 km southwest from Ankara. The tumulus of the region lie scattered in the wide valley east of the Yassıhöyük village. The top of these wooden tombs are covered with mounds made of piled earth. The largest of the tumuli in Gordion is thought to belong to King Midas and is considered the second largest tumulus in Anatolia.

NEVŞEHIR

Hacı Bektaş Veli Complex

Submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 13/04/2012

Infinity of Love and Tolerance

Hacıbektaş-ı Veli, is an Islamic mystic and thinker of Turkish origin. His teachings based on loving God, the universe and humans and showing compassion form the basis of the Bektashi sect which has existed not only in Anatolia but also in the Balkans and the Middle East. The Haci Bektash Veli Complex has become a World Heritage List candidate for its significance as the center of an internationally well-known belief system and for its tomb and interior decoration representing the rituals and symbols of the Bekhtashi sect in architecture.

MUĞLA

Mausoleum and Sacred Area of Hekatomnos 

Date of Submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 13/04/2012

Treasure of the Century

The Mausoleum and Holy area of Hekatomnos are situated in the district of Milas, near to Mugla. The Mausoleum and the Holy Field; is constituted of the Temenos Wall, the Menandros Column, the podium, and the grave (the bearing room, burial chamber, sarcophagus and dromos). The mausoleum of Mausolus’s father is of unique value in that it is the only intact specimen that dates back to an earlier period than the same–sized Mausoleum of Halicarnassus which is said to be one of the earliest mausoleums.

NIĞDE

Historical Monuments of Niğde                                        

Date of Submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 13/04/2012

Site of Decorated Architecture

The castle on the Hill of Alaeddin, the Alaeddin Mosque, Rahmaniye Mosque, Hatıroğlu Fountain, Sungur Bey Mosque, Sokullu Mehmet Pasha Bazaar, the Blacksmiths Fountain and the Armenian and Greek churches, which constitute the old town of Nigde, are among the monumental buildings that reflect the historical background of the city. They are the finest examples of classical Seljuk mosque architecture and Anatolian stone decoration.

MERSIN

Mamure Castle

Date of Submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 13/04/2012

Castle of Many Civilizations

The Mamure Castle lies within the boundaries of Bozdoğan village 6 km east of Anamur. Having the appearance of a caravanserai, the Mamure Castle has been one of the best preserved fortresses of Anatolia. The castle consists of three parts: the inner courtyard to the east, the outer citadel on the west and the inner citadel built on high rocks in the south. The complex includes a hamam apart from the 39 towers, water reservoirs and mosque, and is surrounded by a 10 m wide ditch for defense purposes.

ESKIŞEHIR

Odunpazarı Historical Urban Site

Date of Submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 13/04/2012

Antique Anatolian City with Colorful and Wooden Decorated Balconied Houses

As the oldest settlement of Eskişehir, Odunpazarı is representative of the civil architecture which takes its place in the cultural heritage list with its Ottoman Houses. The houses are significant for their inner- and outer design reflecting the characteristics of traditional Turkish settlements, the interior equipment, and their architecture which is compatible with the natural texture of the street and for their well-preserved condition exemplifying the typical traditional Turkish neighborhood.

GAZIANTEP

Yesemek Quarry and Sculpture Workshop

Date of Submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 13/04/2012

Largest Sculpture Workshop of the Ancient Near East

The Yesemek Open Air Museum and Sculpture Workshop is situated on the southeastern slope of the Yesemek village southeast of the Islahiye district. Yesemek was the largest quarry and sculpture workshop of the near east, from the last quarter of 2000 BC to 800 AD.   

The great majority of the 300 draft sculptures displayed in the open air museum include gate lions and mountain god figures.  

GAZIANTEP

Archeological Site of Zeugma

Date of Submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 13/04/2012

The World’s Most Famous Mosaics at the World’s Largest Mosaic Museum

Zeugma became was one of the world’s biggest cities of its time. The temple of Thyke, goddess of fate, was made on the acropolis of the city.  Furthermore, mosaics dating back to the 2nd and 3rd Century AD were found. These mosaics used to decorate the walls and floors of the Roman homes and baths of the times. They depict mythological heroes, legends, gods and goddesses and are on display at the Zeugma Mosaic Museum.

BITLIS

The Tombstones of Ahlat the Urartian and Ottoman Citadel

Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 25/02/2000

Terrible Beauty: Tomb Architecture

Ahlat is a historic town and a district of Bitlis in Eastern Anatolia. Its tombstones exemplify Anatolian tomb architecture. The tombstones provide important information on the technical and decorative skills of the period and reveal the names of the masons and craftsmen who made them.

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