Unesco World Heritage List

Unesco World Heritage List

The World Heritage List includes global sites of cultural and natural significance considered to be of outstanding value to humanity. Turkey has 11 properties inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List. This publication is prepared by the Directorate General for Promotion of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism. It aims to promote Turkey’s World Heritage and to contribute to its transmittance to future generations.

Turkey World Heritage List:

HISTORICAL SITES OF ISTANBUL

Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 6.12.1985

List Reference: 356 Criteria: Cultural

Love of Continents: ISTANBUL

Istanbul, which has a history of more than 2,500 years, is situated on a peninsula surrounded by the Marmara Sea, the Bosporus, and the Golden Horn. Istanbul is renowned for its churches, synagogues, and mosques, as well as palaces, mansions and monumental buildings - each a unique example of traditional architectural styles.  Dolmabahce Palace, Tophane Mosque, Galata Tower (Christea Turris), Sultanahmet Mosque, Ayasofya (Hagia Sophia), one of the monumental buildings of Christianity, the unique mosaics of Ayasofya, Topkapi Palace, the administrative centre of the Ottoman Empire, rising high above the Golden Horn Suleymaniye Mosque, the masterpiece of Imperial architect Mimar Sinan, the historical Kapali Carsi (the Grand Bazaar), Yerebatan Sarnici (the Basilica Cistern), the music dancing at the domes of Aya Irini (Hagia Eirene), make Istanbul the epitome of history and culture. Hundreds of mansions and timber houses in Zeyrek and Suleymaniye, which form an important part of the historical areas of Istanbul, have managed to survive until today. Istanbul has been a source of inspiration for numerous artists with its history and natural beauties. 

CITY OF SAFRANBOLU KARABUK

Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 17.12.1994
List Reference: 614 Criteria: Cultural

ORIGINAL EXAMPLE OF THE TRADITIONAL

Safranbolu, is an Anatolian city that brings history to life through its mosques, market, neighborhoods, streets and original houses. Safranbolu's present layout and physical features were established in the 17th and 18th centuries. There are about 2000 traditional Turkish houses 800 of which are under legal protection. The houses have plans that reflect the Turkish lifestyle, customs and traditions in a rich spatial arrangement.

CORUM HATTUSHA THE HITTITE CAPITAL

Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 28.11.1986
List Reference: 377 Criteria: Cultural

OPEN-AIR MUSEUM

Hattusha, once the capital of the Hittite Empire is an open-air archaeological museum. Founded around 1600 BC, Hattusha consists of two sites the Lower and the Upper City. The Great Temple is the principal cult building of the Lower City. The Temple Neighborhood of the Upper City encompasses several temples. The Upper City is situated on a broad arch and is protected by walls to the south. Yazilikaya sanctuary, situated 2 km northwest of Hattusha, is considered to be the most significant open air temple of the city.

GOREME NATIONAL PARK CAPPADOCIA

Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 6.12.1985
List Reference: 357 Criteria: Natural/ Cultural

DESIGNED BY NATURE: CAPPADOCIA

Cappadocia is situated 14 km away from Nevsehir between Avanos and Urgup. Goreme National Park and Cappadocia is a unique design of nature with slopes full of fairy-chimneys, rich water resources at the base of the valley, abundant flora, and numerous rock cut frescoed churches. Cappadocia was sculpted out of the tuff of the Erciyes and Hasan Mountains through millions of years by sand and water erosion. Furthermore, Cappadocia has enchanting and only partially revealed subterranean cities such as Kaymaklı, Derinkuyu Mazi Ozkonak or Tatlarin. Moreover, visitors to Cappadocia encounter the most select examples of Seljuk and Ottoman art and architecture. The caravanserais in the region are worth visiting. Ürgup, Uchisar, Avanos, and Goreme are also worth exploring.

SIVAS GREAT MOSQUE AND HOSPITAL OF DIVRIGI

Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 6.12.1985
List Reference: 358 Criteria: Cultural

THE MOSQUE WHERE STONES WERE DRESSED WITH LOVE

The first Turkish building inscribed to UNESCO's World Heritage List, the Great Mosque and Hospital of Divrigi was built in the 13th century by Ahmed Shah and his wife Melike Turan of the Principality of Mengucek. The complex is renowned for its monumental architecture, its hexagonal dome, and its unique stone carving decorations that adorn the great portal of the Hospital, the northern and western portal of the Mosque, and the portal of the Shah's meeting place. The complex is a unique marvel of art and architecture, as well as a feat of engineering.

ADIYAMAN NEMRUT MOUNTAIN,

Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 6.12.1987
List Reference: 448 Criteria: Cultural

THE SUN RISES AND SETS WITH A UNIQUE MAJESTY AT NEMRUT MOUNTAIN!

The Nemrut mountainside, situated in the Kahta county of Adiyaman province, is known as the highest open-air museum in the world. It includes the tomb of King Antiochus of the Commagene Kingdom and enchanting statues standing ten meters high. According to the inscriptions, Antiochus built a monumental tomb, a tumulus of cut stones built over the tomb, and terraces along the three edges of the tumulus.

 ANTALYA XANTHOS AND LETOON

Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 9.12.1988
List Reference: 484 Criteria: Cultural

LANDS OF EPOPES

Xanthos and Letoon are located on the road between Fethiye and Kas, 46 km from Fethiye. The sanctuary of Leto was discovered in this ancient city and there are three temples devoted to Leto and her twins, Apollo and Artemis.  Xantos with its spectacular theatre, structural ruins, mosaics, and the underground ruins waiting to be uncovered and Letoon with its temples, monastery, fountain, and roman theatre ruins are waiting for their visitors to tell their tales.

DENIZLI PAMUKKALE HIERAPOLIS

Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 9.12.1988
List Reference: 485 Criteria: Natural/ Cultural

SACRED LAND CLAD IN WHITE

The Necropolis, the Domitian Road and gate, the temple of Plutonium, the theatre with reliefs, the North and South Byzantine Gates, the Gymnasium, The Fountain with Triton, the House with Ionic capitals, the Apollo sacred site, the aqueducts and nympheum, the Martyrium of St. Phillip and bridge, the Column Church, the ruins of Basilica and Roman Baths still stand in all their glory. Apart from this, the site has the famous Pamukkale travertine, created by thermal water depositing the calcium carbonate it contained. The natural wonder deposits span a 160 meters tall and 2700 meters long cascade. 

CANAKKALE ARCHEOLGICAL SITE OF TROY

Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 2.12.1998
List Reference: 849 Criteria: Cultural

CITY OF MYTHOLOGIES

The ancient city of Troy, with its four thousand years of history, is one of the most famous archaeological sites of the world. It is located on the lower slopes of the Mount Ida of antiquity, within the boundaries of Canakkale province. Troy is known to have 9 archaeological layers, and the houses, theatres, and sewage system indicate a quite advanced technology. King Priam's Treasure was also found during those excavations.

EDIRNE

SELIMIYE MOSQUE AND ITS SOCIAL COMPLEX

Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 27.06.2011
List Reference: 1366 Criteria: Cultural

A MASTER WORK OF CLASSICAL OTTOMAN ARCHITECTURE

Edirne, the capital of the Ottoman Empire prior to the conquest of Istanbul, is famous for its mosques, the elegant domes and minarets. The most important monument is Selimiye. The complex built in the historic center of Edirne comprises two madrasas, a primary school and a covered bazaar next to the magnificent mosque. Carrying the name of the then reigning Sultan Selim II, the Mosque was built by architect Mimar Sinan in the 16th century.

Konya
Neolithic Site of Catalhoyuk

Date of Inscription to the World Heritage List: 2012
List Reference: 1405 Criteria: Cultural

Another time, another life
Catalhoyuk at Cumra, 45 km south of Konya, is a fascinating Neolithic site in Central Anatolia dating from the 10th-8th millennium B.C., which makes it one of the world's oldest towns. The best known period of urbanization in Catalhoyuk lie between layers 7 and 11. Houses with square walls were adjacent but didn't share common walls (each house had their own walls). Houses were planned separately, and one house was built next to another whenever there was a need to do so. Because of the adjacent walls of the houses, there were no streets in the city. Archaeologists have determined that holes in the roofs of the mud houses were the entrance doors. Ankara's Museum of Anatolian Civilizations houses the famous temple-house (reconstructed), along with mother-goddess Cybele figures, obsidian and clay objects and Neolithic frescoes from the original site. The wall pictures in Catalhoyuk were found in layers 10 and 11. The most beautiful and sophisticated ones belong to the seventh and fifth layers. These pictures are the continuation of the tradition started by Paleolithic man, who made pictures on cave walls. They might have also believed that these pictures would bring them luck in hunting. In later ages, we see that home decorations confined themselves to bird patterns and geometrical designs.

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